Effect of Sex Difference on Meat and Fat Consumption in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Thi Qar Province 2022


  • Ali Abdulridha Abutiheen University of Warith Al-Anbiyaa_College of Medicine, ali.sa@uowa.edu.iq
  • Zainab Mohammed Ali Hasan University of Kerbala, College of Medicine, Family Medicine
  • Ali Abid Saadoon University of Thi Qar, College of Medicine, Community and Family Medicine


Diabetes mellitus, fat, consumption, sex


Background: Diabetes mellitus is a worldwide disease characterized by disturbance in insulin secretion and or action. Type 2 is the most commen and burden the body with several complication that may be eccelerated by un customized dietary intake. Aim of the study is to check the relationship between the sex difference and meat and fat consumption in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Patient and methods In this cross-sectional comparative study, 300 T2 diabetic  patients selected randomly in diabetes and endocrine center in Thi-Qar province/ Iraq from 1/4/2022-15/9/2022. 154(51.3%)  patients were male and 146(48%) patients were female, their age range from25-83, mean= 50.97. Age, sex, residency, marital state, education, occupation, smoking, and the body mass index, dietary behavior and anthropometric measures were checked, and we send them RBS,HbA1c, lipid profile and body component examined by human body element analyzer (impedance electrochemistry). We use SPSS program, p value (0.05 or less)was significant using ANOVA, pearson, chi square and X2 test. Conclusion: There is no effect of sex difference with meat and fat consumption in type 2 diabetes mellitus


Corish CA, Bardon LA. Malnutrition in older adults: screening and determinants. Proc Nutr Soc. 2019 Aug;78(3):372–379

Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes care. 2013;36(1):67–74. Available from: https://care.diabetesjournals.org/ content/36/Supplement_1/S67.article-info.

Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Diabetes care. 2009;32(1):62–7. Available from: https://care.diabetesjournals.org/ content/32/Supplement_1/S62

Hana Alkhalidy et al. Obesity Measures as Predictors of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases among the Jordanian Population: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Nov; 18(22): 12187. Published online 2021 Nov 20. doi: 10.3390/ijerph182212187.

Haslam D. Obesity and diabetes: the links and common approaches. Prim Care Diabetes. 2010;4(2):105–112. doi:10.1016/j.pcd.2010.04.002.

Mary Helen Black, High-Fat Diet Is Associated with Obesity-Mediated Insulin Resistance and β-Cell Dysfunction in Mexican Americans. J Nutr. 2013 Apr; 143(4): 479–485. doi: 10.3945/jn.112.170449

Silke Feller, Heiner Boeing. Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, and the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Deutsches Arzteblatt international . 2010 Jul; 107(26): 470–476. Published online 2010 Jul 2. doi: 10.3238/arztebl.2010.0470

Sara Spinelli. Gender Differences in Fat-Rich Meat Choice: Influence of Personality and Attitudes.Nutrients. 2020 May; 12(5): 1374. Published online 2020 May 11. doi: 10.3390/nu12051374

Stankov K, Benc D, Draskovic D. Genetic and epigenetic factors in etiology of diabetes mellitus type 1. Pediatrics 2013;132:1112–1122.

World Health Organization (WHO). Non-communicable diseases.16 September 2022. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/noncommunicable-diseases.