Types, Characters and Trend of Congenital Anomalies in Thi-Qar / 2 years assessment
Keywords:Congenital anomalies, C/S, NVD, ThiQar, 2017-2018
AbstractCongenital anomalies is structural or functional abnormalities present at birth. A total of 88 infants with different types of birth defects were included in this study, The data were collected in the period between 2/1/2017 to 31/12/2018 in Al-Nasiriya city/south of Iraq under the aim and title of detection of the types, trend and characters of congenital anomalies, after full ethical approval data were collected using a structured questionnaire. The highest rate was detected among males for the year 2018, while the highest percentage was among females in 2017. As well, the highest rate for infants weighing > 4kg was the highest in 2017 (70%),while the high percentage of group < 4kg (37.5%) was seen in 2018, The CS comprise high percent of delivery than NVD under (P<0.05). While the higher percentage was for spina bifida (0.88%) in 2018, followed by hydrocephalus and cleft lip (0.71%).while distribution was of multiple distortions, the rate was high(0.46%) in 2017.While distribution was of CHD and pul Atresia, the rate was high(0.5) in 2017 and 2018. Also, The results of this study were significant (p 0.0341) between percent of death in 2017 and 2018.The study conclude the necessity to provides important background information for potential prevention and better management of female who may have children with birth defects and the importance of further researches is required to determine the factors responsible for different types of birth defects.
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