Pseudoexfoliation syndrome, ocular and systemic associations
AbstractBackground: Pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXF) is a recognized risk factor for developing cataract, glaucoma and lens dislocation. PXF also associated with increased risk of vascular disorders and hearing loss, this study aims to assess the prevalence of this syndrome among patients (>40years) attend ophthalmology clinic in Diwaniyah teaching hospital with emphasis to both ocular and systemic associations. Methodology: 2680 patients age more than 40 years who attend the ophthalmology clinic in Diwaniyah teaching hospital for the period from July 2013 to January 2015were recruited by the researchers , detailed systemic and ocular history are taken, detailed ophthalmological examination done including visual acuity testing, refraction, slit lamp bimicroscope examination, applanation tonometer and gonioscopy, dilated examinationof the lens using the LOCS II grading system for cataract and fundus with optic nerve examination. All the patients have been sent for the ENT department for hearing examination and assessment, also send for the internal medicine department for detailed cardiovascular examination and risk assessment. Results: Out of 2680 patients who enrolled in this study, 216 had PXF so the percentage of PXF will be 8% in patients above 40, Mean age of the patients is 65.43+13.94 years, range 41 to 93 years, PXF is associated with increased incidence of cataract (50,46%), glaucoma (8,9%), hearing loss (11,57%), Hypertension (36,57%) and DM type II (38,69%). Conclusion: PXF appear to be a common disease in Iraqi population, PXF is significantly associated with increased incidence of cataract, glaucoma, hearing loss, Hypertension and DM type II.
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