Human parvovirus B19 IgM antibodies among blood donor in Basra
AbstractOne of the main methods for B 19 Parvovirus transmission is by blood and its products. Screening test for this virus is not yet applicable; in spite of its association with some sever complication. So that the aim of this study was to estimate the level of HPVB19 IgM antibodies among blood donor in centre of Basra. A total of 189 blood samples were drawn from healthy blood donor attending the blood bank in Basrah governorate from the period of January –May 2016. Detection of parvovirus B19 IgM antibodies was done using a solid phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. In this study the researcher found that highest seropositivity were found among age group 30-39 years (62.6%) and the lowest level among those above 40 years (0%), with overall prevalence of IgM 51.1% this high percentage may related to the time of sampling which coincide with the maximum period of infectivity which was more common in late winter, spring, and early summer. Regarding the association between ABO blood groups and susceptibility to infection: the rate of infection more among those with blood group O+ and B+ (54.9%) and (27.5%) respectively this is depend on the availability of blood antigen P which act as receptors for this virus, and highest level of HPV IgM was found among the taxi drivers so in conclusion: Screening for B19 virus antibodies is recommended together with other viruses which transmitted by blood transfusion to avoid transmission of this important virus to vulnerable risky group.
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