Epidemiology of Fractures Among Patients Attending Azadi Teaching Hospital in Kirkuk City

  • Nada Yahya Awwad Azadi Teaching Hospital /Kirkuk Health Directorate/ Iraq
Keywords: Epidemiology, fractures, Azadi Teaching Hospital, Kirkuk

Abstract

Background: Fractures are a common type of injury that result in admission to a hospital. Patients and Methods: The study was held in Kirkuk city - Iraq, Azadi Teaching Hospital from the beginning of November 2012 to the end of April 2013. A descriptive case series study with a total of 4156 patients with 5248 confirmed fractures formed the basis of this study. The term type of fracture used in this study signifies either simple (closed) fracture or compound (open) fracture. Associated injury comprised head injury, chest injury, abdominal injury, vascular and nerve injuries. The term multiple fractures were used if more than one fracture has occurred. Hospitalization of a patient meant those who were required to stay in the hospital for more than 24 hours, and others were taken as outpatients. The diagnosis was mainly based on an X-ray. Results: The study revealed that multiple fractures are more seen in age group (20 - 40) years, followed by age group less than 20 years was (31.3%), The commonest three fractures encountered in this study were those of radius  (21.8%), tibia  (18.3%) and ulna (12.5%).so current study determined that highly frequent fractures among age group (20 – 40) year's old patients were tibia fractures  (18%), radius fractures  (17.4%), and ulna fractures (13.5%). , so frequencies of fractures among males (75%) more than females (25%). As well as fractures were more frequent in an urban area (89.2%). Conclusion: the second age group (20-40) years were the more frequent in fracture cases, also Fractures were predominant in males more than females, Persons who lived in urban area had a high frequency of fractures, as well as workers and those with a free job, are more prevalent with fractures, also upper limb fractures were more common than lower limb fractures and axial skeleton fractures. so radius and tibia were the most frequently fractured bones. And the higher frequency of fractures was associated with falls, followed by road traffic accidents. city.

References

Background: Fractures are a common type of injury that result in admission to a hospital. Patients and Methods: The study was held in Kirkuk city - Iraq, Azadi Teaching Hospital from the beginning of November 2012 to the end of April 2013. A descriptive case series study with a total of 4156 patients with 5248 confirmed fractures formed the basis of this study. The term type of fracture used in this study signifies either simple (closed) fracture or compound (open) fracture. Associated injury comprised head injury, chest injury, abdominal injury, vascular and nerve injuries. The term multiple fractures were used if more than one fracture has occurred. Hospitalization of a patient meant those who were required to stay in the hospital for more than 24 hours, and others were taken as outpatients. The diagnosis was mainly based on an X-ray. Results: The study revealed that multiple fractures are more seen in age group (20 - 40) years, followed by age group less than 20 years was (31.3%), The commonest three fractures encountered in this study were those of radius (21.8%), tibia (18.3%) and ulna (12.5%).so current study determined that highly frequent fractures among age group (20 – 40) year's old patients were tibia fractures (18%), radius fractures (17.4%), and ulna fractures (13.5%). , so frequencies of fractures among males (75%) more than females (25%). As well as fractures were more frequent in an urban area (89.2%). Conclusion: the second age group (20-40) years were the more frequent in fracture cases, also Fractures were predominant in males more than females, Persons who lived in urban area had a high frequency of fractures, as well as workers and those with a free job, are more prevalent with fractures, also upper limb fractures were more common than lower limb fractures and axial skeleton fractures. so radius and tibia were the most frequently fractured bones. And the higher frequency of fractures was associated with falls, followed by road traffic accidents. city.

Published
2021-02-26
Section
Articles