Role of Omega-3 Supplementation on Blood Pressure in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Thi-Qar 2020

  • Nawal AL-Khalidy GIT&H Teaching Hospital-Medical City Baghdad-Iraq
  • Nahla S. AL-Aubadi MBCHB, FICMS, Ministry of Health Thiqar Health Directory
  • Ali Kadhim Shwayel AL-Saeedi MBCHB, DM, FICMS, Ministry of Health, Thi-Qar Health Directory, AL-Hussain Teaching Hospital.
Keywords: omega 3, BP, DM, Thiqar, 2020

Abstract

Background: a role for dietary omega-3 fatty acids in reducing systolic and diastolic blood pressure, which might be more or less among diabetes type 2. Aim: To determine the effect of omega-3 supplementation on blood pressure in patients with type 2diabetes. Method: A single-blind, controlled clinical trial on patients admitted to Nasiriya Diabetes Center was involved randomly to 2 groups receiving either 2 g/day omega-3 and the comparator group received the same consultations exactly as the intervention group but provided anon-specific intervention. Our study period was 6 weeks. Participants were asked to follow the same lifestyle programs (physical activity, diet, and routine medicine) during an intervention, at the beginning and last of the study blood pressure were measured out and compared. Results: Out of 60 participants 56 completed the study and 4 patients were excluded. Age, body mass index, SBP, DBP, and duration of diabetes at the beginning of the study in both groups. No significant difference was observed in baseline variables. 43% of the intervention group and 36% among the comparator group were diagnosed with hypertension. systolic and diastolic blood pressure in both groups was not statistically significant before and after the intervention. Recommendation: Consumption of 2 g/day omega-3supplement for 6 weeks has no significant effect on systolic and diastolic blood pressure in diabetes mellitus type2.

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Published
2021-02-26
Section
Articles