The Popularity of Nargile in Nasiriya City, Iraq

  • Zinah M. Anwer Clinical Pharmacy Department, College of Pharmacy, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Hasan Ali Hasan Shubbar Thi-Qar Health Office
Keywords: Nargile smoking, Nasiriyah City, Iraq


Background:The spread of Nargile smoking is widespread, especially among young people who visit Nargile cafes. Unfortunately, most Nargile smokers appear to have little information about potential health problems of the heart and blood vessels and other outcomes of Nargile smoking. 

Objectives: This project was designed to investigate the sociodemographic data of the study sample of Nasiriya people (like age, gender, academic achievement, and job), smoking habits, and the impact of smoking nargile on the health (including physical changes, and psychogenic changes). 

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried on 400 healthy Iraqi citizens who are smoking Nargile in the Iraqi Cafes and restaurants in Nasiriya city. The volunteers aged 15-50 years were recruited during the period from April to July 2019 in Nasiriya to participate in this study. All volunteers were provided with oral consent to participate in the study. Materials include queries about data, the use of current Nargile, and habits of Nargile smokers, the impact of Nargile on health including physical changes, and psychogenic changes. The questionnaire will be presented to the volunteers and asked to answer the required data, the information is filled by the researcher.                                                                       

Results: Most of the Nargile smokers were males 95.75%, with a mean age of 28.49±7.55 years, 83.75% were regular smokers of Nargile, and 86% smokes for more than one year.           

Conclusion: According to this study, youth were the most smoking age group for Nargile with a few underage users. Interventions to reduce Nargile use should provide real information about the health risks of Nargile use.


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