Clinical and statistical assessment of aetiological factors of genu varum in children
AbstractGenu varum (bow leg) represents one of the most common lower limb deformities in children. Its aetiology is divided into two main categories, physiologic and pathologic. It poses a source of concern for the parents. In physiologic genu varum, the condition is self-limiting and usually it needs just clinical follow up. In pathologic cases it is liable for progression with time predisposing for mechanical lower limb problems as well as joint complications. In the physiologic variety, it is important to establish the diagnosis so as to avoid unnecessary treatment. In this study we assessed the aetiologic factors affecting the incidence of this condition. The results point that the physiologic type is still the commonest in our locality. The second commonest cause was found to be nutritional rickets while other causes were uncommon or even extremely rare. These results are contrary to the common belief that most of the cases in our locality are attributed to rickets. The purpose behind the study is to clarify the aetiologic contribution of various conditions involved so that to base the subsequent management on solid ground.
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