PATTERN OF INFANT FEEDING

  • Tariq Kkudair Hussien Department of pediatrics , college of medicine, university of Thi-Qar, Thi-Qar, Iraq

Abstract

The aims of this study were to find the prevalence  of different patterns of  infants feeding in relation to the back ground characteristics  of their  mothers   and to explore the causes of breast  feeding failure in Thi-Qar. Across sectional study was conducted in four primary health care centers in Thi- Qar .Total sample of 512 mothers ,whose infants  less than two years were included in the study . Data about  feeding practices were collected by interviewing the mothers using standard  questionnaire designed for the study. The  rate of different infants feeding practices were (90.8%)  breast feeding,   (55.1%)exclusive breast feeding ,  (35.7%) mixed feeding and (9.1%) bottle feeding among infants less than 6 months old. The rate  of breast feeding decreased rapidly  among other age groups reaching (72.2%) at age 1-2 years . There was no significant association between patterns of infants feeding and age, parity and educational  level of mothers .However, going to work ,    oral contraceptive use and delivery by caesarean section were significantly associated with bottle feeding . The main reasons for bottle feeding were insufficient breast milk (53.4%)  and going back to work (18.2%),and Pediatricians  (45.6%) were found to be the main persons prescribing  infants formula for mothers. In conclusion, breast feeding   was  common practice of infants feeding among mothers in Thi-Qar regardless their age, parity and level of education ,while pediatricians , going to work  oral contraceptive use  and delivery by caesarean section were the main contributors to breast feeding cessation and switch to bottle feeding. Therefore, the health  educational programs  to promote breast feeding are necessary for both mothers and health care providers  ,and  the  health care providers  should also take into  consideration the negative impact of  caesarean section deliveries and early oral contraceptive use on breast feeding practice.     

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Published
2021-05-24
Section
Articles