• Faten Naeem Abbas Dep.Microbiology, College of medicine, University of Thi-Qar


This study reports the prevalence of hepatitis A Virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and C virus (HCV), and the frequency of potential exposure to these viruses among patients were admitted to Hormones laboratory in Al-Hussain teaching hospital /Thi-Qar province. Serum samples were tested for HAV , HBV markers and antibodies to HCV by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).  From the results of the present study , 2775 patients were tested, divided into tow groups. Group A included the catheter patient and other group (Group B) included outpatient. Results showed no positive result for anti- HAV. While, Anti-HBs were positive 4 cases and 6 cases  for group A and group B respectively. Contrast, anti- HCV were positive 2 cases for group A and 5 cases for group B. Statistically significant observation P<0.05 between  the two groups, Group B was the highest  sensitive to Hepatitis B,C infection than  group A . Background: Diagnosis is a vital decision point at which adequate evidence has to be accumulated to get a clear clinical picture about the patient before initiation of the treatment . Laboratory tests for hepatitis are very critical for the physician to confirm his findings about the clinical condition of the patient because of several causative agents of the disease. Hepatitis being caused by the virus A,B,C diagnosis is even more complicated as all of them present similar symptoms. Therefore, laboratory testing is important to identify the exact causative virus so that the appropriate treatment can be initiated accordingly.   


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