Relationship Between Bacterial Diarrhea and Food Types in Children Under Two Years Age in Baghdad City

  • Anfal Akram Hasan
  • Mohammed Ahmed Jassim
  • Nihad Khalawe Tektook
Keywords: diarrhea, under 2 years, breastfeeding, susceptibility, bacterial diarrhea

Abstract

Background: bacterial diarrhea is the most frequent gastroenterological disorder, and the main cause of dehydration in many children, especially in Iraq, therefore the aim of this study investigation the relationship between bacterial diarrhea and food types in children under two years age.  Patients and methods:  About 200 children suffering from frequent diarrhea in Al-alwiyah Pediatric Teaching Hospital were enrolled during the period (April – August) 2020.  Feacal specimens were taken and examined by microscopy, and cultured on agar, incubated at 37°C for 18–24/ 8 h. The bacterial isolates were identified by different biochemical tests and serotyping. Results: current study show about (40%) of bacteria causing diarrhea in child under two yea ce Shigella species highest percentage (21.25%) followed by E.coli (17.5%), so (26.3%) of child had rs, compare to non- bacterial causing (60%).so highest percentages of bacterial diarrhea were recorded in male with age (1-6 months) as (21.3%) followed by (7-12 months) as (12.5 %); and females were having bacterial diarrhea (55%) more than males (45%). As well as our study appearan an exclusive breastfeeding compare to  Bottle feeding (58.7 %). Conclusions: about (40%) of bacteria causing diarrhea in child under two years, highest percentages of bacterial diarrhea were recorded in male with age (1-6 months) as (21.3%), females were having bacterial diarrhea more than males, as well as our study appearance Shigella species highest percentage followed by E.coli so the type of feeding play an important role in increasing diarrhea rates in children under 2 years.

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Published
2022-04-24
Section
Articles