Feasible Vascular Access for Hemodialysis and their Complications in 100 Patients (2016 - 2020 )

  • Jalal Jaafar Abdulhussein MBChB, FICMS in Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery
  • Kassem Mohammed Zaier MBChB, FICMS in Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery
  • Amjed Abdulridha Alhilo MBChB, FICMS in Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery
Keywords: Arteriovenous fistula, bracchiocephalic arteriovenous fistula, brescia cimino, vascular access for hemodialysis

Abstract

Background: Veno-Arterial handling is an important clinical issue in the management of chronic hemodialysis patients. Several complications may occur during treatment period. Aim: The aims of this study were to determine the most feasible AVF site to be created for hemodialysis and their possible complications that may occur during treatment period. Patients and Methods: A cross sectional comparative study was conducted in Ibn – Alnafees teaching hospital retrospectively , Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery from 2016-2012. Necessary approvals were taken from the hospital adminstration regarding data collection .  One hundred patients with end stage renal disease were included in this study after signing a consent form. An arteriovenous fistula was created in different sites preparing them for chronic haemodialysis program. The evaluations were based on the most feasible site for AVF, complications that may occur during the treatment period in different sites. Results: Most of the patient (98%) had successful creation of arteriovenous fistula, only two patients (2%) were not fit. The most two common approaches were, Brachiocephalic and radiocephalic which represent 70% and 20% respectively, followed by Anterior transposition of Basilica vein,4%, Autogenous saphenous vein graft 2% while Gore-Tex graft and Femorofemoral Gore-Tex Loop graft represent only 1% for each. Complications were seen in (15%) of the patients. Fistula failure was seen in 3 patients, Wound infection 2 patients, Temporary edema 2 patients, Hematoma 2 patients and one patient for each of the following complications, Continuous serous discharge, Steal syndrome, Sudden closure, False aneurysm formation, Aneurysmal dilatation of the veins and Huge limb swelling. Conclusion: Radiocephalic and the brachiocephalic AVF are the two types of vascular access with the longest duration of function and Radiocephalic is the most feasible site.

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Published
2022-08-31
Section
Articles