Assessment of the Risk Factors of Colorectal Carcinoma in Hiwa Hospital in Sulaimani City/Iraq


  • Ary Hama Saeed Hama Salih Lecturer, M.B.Ch.B., FICMS/ Family Medicine, Family, and Community Medicine Department, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan region, Iraq
  • Shiraz Ali Mahmood B.Sc. Community Health, Family and Community Medicine Department, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan region, Iraq


Colorectal Cancer, Cancer, Risk Factors, Dietary Intake


Background: Etiological studies have identified several modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors that have a role in developing colorectal cancer. Aim of the Study: This study aimed to assess the risk factors of colorectal carcinoma in Hiwa Hospital in Sulaimani City / Iraq. Methods: A case-control study design was used to conduct the present study. From November 2021 to May 2022, 300 participants were included in the present study. Data were analyzed using the statistical package for the social sciences version 25.0. A P-value ≤ 0.05 is considered a significant value. Results: Patients mean age ± SD was 55.8 ± 16.14 years (ranging from 22 – 91), and the controls mean ± SD age was 52.17 ± 13.9 years (ranging from 20 to 87 years). (50%) of cases had a family history of colorectal cancer. Logistic regression analysis revealed that there are positive statistically significant associations between colorectal cancer and having a family history of colorectal cancer, obesity, being overweight, living in urban areas, eating raw red meat, did not eat fruits and vegetables, drinking canned juice, sugar-sweetened juice, and carbonated beverages, and illiteracy (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The was a positive association between colorectal cancer and having a family history of colorectal cancer, obesity, being overweight, eating raw red meat, drinking canned juice, sugar-sweetened juice, and carbonated beverages, living in an urban, did not eat fruits and vegetables, and illiteracy. 


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