Clinical Profile and Short Outcome of Infective Endocarditis as A Single Center Experience


  • Sabah Shalal Hussain Internal physician, cardiology. / MBChB., C.A.B.M. (med). Mosul center for cardiology and cardiac surgery.
  • Ahmed Mohammed Saeed Lecturer in internal medicine/M.B.CH. B, A.B.M.S (Med). College of Medicine, Ninevah University
  • Ahmed Shams-Aldeen Thanoon Internal physician, cardiology. / MBChB., C.A.B.M. (med). Mosul center for cardiology and cardiac surgery
  • Fawaz Mahmood Mustafa AlFaqe Assistant Professor, Consultant Cardiovascular & thoracic surgeon, department of surgery, College of Medicine, Ninevah University


Background: growth of microorganisms on heart valves inner lining eventually cause what is called infective
endocarditis. The pathological core lesion of infective endocarditis is termed a vegetation, which is composed
of colonies of microorganisms, inflammatory cells, fibrin and platelets.
Aims: to clarify the clinical background, microbiological entity and in hospital course of patients with
infective endocarditis in Ibn-AL Betar cardiac Centre.
Methods: all patients with infective endocarditis admitted to Ibn-AL Betar cardiac center between June 2018
and January 2020 were studied. Echocardiography and lab tests done for all patients. Pregnant women and
pediatrics less than 14 years old were excluded from the study.
Results: our studied group was 30 patients, 30% female and 70% male with a median age of 34 years.
Infective endocarditis affecting native valves in 20 patients (66.6%), prosthetic valves in 5 patients (16.6%),
associating congenital heart disease in 4 patients (16.6%) and device related in one patient (3.3%). most
common valve to be infected was the aortic valve. Blood culture was positive in 8 patients
(26.6%).Staphylococcus aureus were the prevalent microorganism (16.6%).In hospital complications included:
heart failure in 22 patients (73.3%), septic shock in 5 patients (16.6%), acute renal failure in 4 patients
(13.3%), paravalvular abscess in 2 patients (6.6%), systemic embolization in 2 patients (6.6%) and septic
pulmonary embolization in 2 patients (6.6%). Surgery is indicated in 14 patients (46.6%); of them 5 patients
(16.6%) undergoing early surgical intervention. In hospital mortality was (16.6%).
Conclusion :Infective endocarditis is a hazardous disease. It comprises an increase in-hospital complications
with an enhanced mortality rate (16.6%). Staphylococcus aureus are the prevalent microorganism. Fever and
dyspnea are commonest presentations while peripheral stigmata of endocarditis were rarely observed in our


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