Overweight and Obesity among Children under 18 year attended Nutritional Clinic in AL-Diwaniyah Governorate, Iraq, 2016
Keywords:Overweight and obesity, children under 18 year, AL-dewania, Iraq
Globally, Childhood malnutrition is growing problem and an increasing public health concern in developed and developing countries. significantly the obesity in children are have impact on health physical and psychological aspect. Obesity in adulthood lead to causes chronic diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular diseases at adult age. This study aimed to estimated the overweight and obesity rate among children.
A descriptive cross sectional study was conduct in AL-dewania teaching hospital, AL-dewania city, Iraq during 2016. the study sample of under 18 years children was selected randomly from children who attended the nutritional clinic. By using SPSS soft ware(SPSS version 18. 0) analysis of data was carried out, version 20.0(SPSS-20.0). Statistical significance will be considered when the P-value was equal or less than 0.05.
A total study sample was 335 children, 97(29%) was male while 238( 71%) was female. mean ± SD of age ,weight , height and BMI was (10.7 ± 4.5), (46.9 ± 29.9), (136.5 ± 24.9) and (22.6 ± 9.2) respectively. overweight and obesity was 41.2% most of them female ( 79%) while underweight was 22.6% , 61.8% was female with statistical significant (P value 0.0001). The age group 5-10 year was represented 37.6% , then age group 11-15year was 32.5% with significant association. we concluded that the overweight and obesity rate was high among children under 18 year, female and age group 11-15 year had have higher rate.
World Health Organization. (2006): Obesity and overweight. Fact sheep nº 311;2006.
WHO, Obesity An epidemic, 2000 Available from: http://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/obesity/en/. [Accessed Apr. 11, 2009]
Bleich S, Cutler D, Murray C, Adams A . Working paper 12954: Why is the developed world obese? National Bureau of Economic Research, 2007. Available from: http://www.nber.org/papers/w12954. [Accessed on Aug. 21, 2008]
Haslam DW, James WPT. Obesity Seminar. The Lancet, 2005; 366: 1197-209.
Ghosh A. Explaining overweight and obesity in children and adolescents of Asian Indian origin: The Calcutta childhood obesity study. Indian J Public Health. 2014;58:125–8. [PubMed]
Gupta RK. Nutrition and the Diseases of Lifestyle. In: Bhalwar RJ, editor. Text Book of Public health and Community Medicine. 1st ed. Pune: Department of community medicine AFMC, New Delhi: Pune in Collaboration with WHO India Office; 2009. p. 1199.
Anderson PM, Butcher KE. Childhood obesity: Trends and potential causes. Future Child. 2006;16:19–45. [PubMed]
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Contributing factors. 2010. [Last accessed on 2014 Jul 01]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov//obesity/childhood/contributing_factors.html
McGavock JM, Torrance BD, McGuire KA, Wozny PD, Lewanczuk RZ. Cardiorespiratory fitness and the risk of overweight in youth: the Healthy Hearts Longitudinal Study of Cardiometabolic Health. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009 Sep. 17(9):1802-7.
Story M, Neumark-stainzer D, French S. Individual and environmental influences on adolescent eating behaviours. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002;102:S40–51. [PubMed]
Niehoff V. Childhood obesity: A call to action. Bariatric Nursing and Surgical Patient. Care. 2009;4:17–23.
W Ahrens, I Pigeot, H Pohlabeln, S De Henauw, Lissner, D Molnár, LA Moreno, M Tornaritis, T Veidebaum and A Siani on behalf of the IDEFICS consortium. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in European children below the age of 10. International Journal of Obesity (2014) 38, S99–S107
Lafta RK1, Kadhim MJ. Childhood obesity in Iraq: prevalence and possible risk factors. Ann Saudi Med. 2006.
2 Manios Y, Costarelli V. Childhood obesity in the WHO European Region. In: Moreno LA, Pigeot I, Ahrens W (eds). Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents—Prevalence and Etiology, vol. 2. Springer Series on Epidemiology and Public Health. Springer: New York, NY, USA, 2011, pp 43–68.
Pigeot I, Barba G, Chadjigeorgiou C, de Henauw S, Kourides Y, Lissner L et al. Prevalence and determinants of childhood overweight and obesity in European countries: pooled analysis of the existing surveys within the IDEFICS Consortium. Int J Obes (Lond) 2009; 33: 1103–1110.
Wijnhoven TM, van Raaij JM, Spinelli A, Rito AI, Hovengen R, Kunesova M et al. WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative 2008: weight, height and body mass index in 6-9-year-old children. Pediatr Obes 2013; 8: 79–97.
Steven M Schwarz, Jatinder Bhatia. Obesity in Children. Updated: Mar 29, 2016.
Sherzad Abdulahad Shabu, Namir Ghanim Al-Tawil. Prevalence of Childhood Obesity Among a Sample of Basic Education School Children in Erbil City. middle east journal of family medicine, volume 10. issue 10. 2012.
Krassas GE1, Tzotzas T, Tsametis C, Konstantinidis T. Prevalence and trends in overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Thessaloniki, Greece. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2001;14 Suppl 5:1319-26; discussion 1365.