Epidemiology Of Ophthalmological Disease In Outpatient Clinic In AL-Nasiriya During 2018


  • Hala Ali Hussein Thi-Qar health directorate
  • Wajida Saad Bunian Thi-Qar university /College of Medicine
  • Ali Abd Saadoon Thi-Qar university /College of Medicine


AL Nasiriya, 2018, epidemiology of ophthalmological disease


Background: Ophthalmological disease especially (ocular allergy) represents one of the most common conditions encountered by  ophthalmologists. Some of them are often underdiagnosed and consequently undertreated. Basic and clinical research has provided a better understanding of the cells, mediators, and immunologic events. Aim: To study the epidemiology profile of ophthalmological disease in Al-Nasiriya at 2018. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional analytical study involved 1000 patients, attending  Al-Habboby Teaching hospital _Ophthalmology out patient in Al Nasiriya , the study extended from February  to September 2018. Sociodemographic factor ,current history  of ophthalmology disease and some determinants, specific investigation had implemented from each patient to assess the frequency ,determinants ,distributions of the commonest ophthalmological disease, (SPSS) version 23 had been in used to analysis data when be p-value <0.05 considered as significant statistically. Results: Female to male ratio was (1.277) Commonest affecting age (35-+2.0) , the highest Prevalence ophthalmological disease according prevalence rank as fallow (allergy, viral conjunctivitis , cataract ,bacterial conjunctivitis and foreign body) the result was (32.1%,14.5%,9.5%,4.6% , 4.1%) respectively. While lowest prevalence of ophthalmological disease was (astigmatism ,hyphema ,lazy eye, hordeolum, sebaceous cyst) the result was (0.1%.0.1%,0.1%,0.1%,0.1%)respectively. Where residence and education had significant statistical association. Conclusion: Allergy are the more commonest ophthalmological diseases in Al-Nasiriya ; Increasing levels of allergy carry significant clinical and economic implications, with more people at risk of the sight-threatening complications associated with high allergy.


• Bowling, B.,Text book Kanski’s Clinical Ophthalmology Eight. Edition,2016.

Chapter 5,page 153.

Alloway, N.R.G., Text book Common Eye Diseases and their Management Fourth Edition,chapter 6,page 50, 2016.

Singh, K. and L. Bielory, Ocular allergy: a national epidemiologic study. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2007. 119(1): p. S154.

Vaughan and Asburys, LANGE text book of Gerenal Ophthalmology,19th Edition,2018.

Singh, K. And L. Bielory. Epidemiology Of Ocular Allergy Symptoms In Regional Parts Of The United States In The Adult Population . In Annals Of Allergy Asthma & Immunology. 2007. Amer Coll Allergy Asthma Immunology 85 West Algonquin Rd Suite 550, Arlington Hts, Il 60005 USA.

Ram,Jagat;Gupt2016 Pataliod Cataract, New England Journal of Medicine vol.374,Issue 18,Pages e22.

Robman, L. and H. Taylor, External factors in the development of cataract. Eye, 2005. 19(10): p. 1074.

Wang, Y.X., et al., Prevalence of glaucoma in North China: the Beijing eye study. American journal of ophthalmology, 2010. 150(6): p. 917-924.

Brien A. Global Prevalence of Myopia and High Myopia and Temporal Trends from 2000 through 2050 Journal of Ophthalmology,Volume 123, Issue 5, Pages 1036-1042.

Thomas A. Mavracanas Achilleas Mandalos ;Prevalence of myopia in a sample of Greek students , Vol 78,Issue 6,24 December 2001.

Medically reviewed by University of Illinois-Chicago, College of Medicine on April 5, 2016 — Written by the Healthline Editorial Team.

CDC. . Non-Communicable disease unit fact sheet. [Accessed 21 June 2018]. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/.../non-communicable-diseaseunit-fact.

158. Scribd. 2011. Sampling method, size and calculation. Available from: http://ar.scribd.com/doc. [Accessed 30 July 2018].

Bielory, L. and M.H. Friedlaender, Allergic conjunctivitis. Immunology and allergy clinics of North America, 2008. 28(1): p. 43-58.

Abbas Ali Yekta,Akbar Fotouhi .Prevalence of Refractive Errors and its Determinants in the Elderly Population of Mashhad, Iran, Volume16,2009 -Issue3.

Alaa Zanzal Ra'ad Al-Dorri* And Wa'ad Mahmood Ra'uf Al-Jebouri Zanzali Jebouri .Prevalence of allergy conjunctivitis…,Medical Journal Of Tikrit , ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2005.

S. Biradar, DK Chandrashekhar, R Gangane… - Int J Pharm Biomed. Spectrum of microbial keratitis and antimicrobial susceptibility at tertiary care teaching hospital Study Carried Out In Medical College Hospital , at 2012.

Usama Jihad Abdul Qader . The prevalence of adenoviral conjunctivitis in Tikrit district and the role of traditional medicine "Om Al Kaash" in transmission of the disease and in the severity of complications. Medical Journal Of Tikrit , ISSN: 16831813 Year: 2011.

Dr. Abdulaziz Anazi Alshamran Prevalence and Risk Factors of Dry Eye Symptoms in a Saudi Arabian Population ,May And August 2016 In Al-Ahsa Governorate, Eastern Province Of Saudi Arabia; PMCID: PMC5598305 ,PMID: 28936049.

A'sad Ja'ffar Alt'ai .Prevalence of dry eye in the hospital based group ranged from the peak prevalence noted in Summer …, Medical Journal Of Babylon ,Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 201-206.

Yaniv Barkana, Syril Doraiaj Global Prevalence Of Glaucoma And Projection Of Glaucoma Burden Through 2040 ,Vol 122,Issue 7, July 2015 ,Pages E 40-E 41.

Faiz I Al-Shakarchi. Blindness in Iraq: Leading causes, target patients, and barriers to treatment. Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology. At Ibn Al-Haetham Teaching Eye Hospital (Iahteh), Baghdad, Iraq. Vol 18.Issue 3.Page 199-203.

Sannapaneni Krishnaiah; Kovai Vilas;Smoking and Its Association with Cataract: Results of the Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study from India. Visual Science January 2005, Vol.46, 58-65.