Prevalence of Life Style risk factors among a sample of Hypertensive Patients in Al-Hussain Teaching Hospital during 2016
AbstractBackground: Hypertension is the prominent cause of early death in the world and the number of population with hypertension is developing. It is a preventable risk factor for stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, aortic dissection, atrial fibrillation, and end-stage kidney disease. Aim of Study: General Objective: To assess the extent of life style modifications among hypertensive patients. Specific Objectives:
- To measure the awareness of hypertensive patients about life style modifications.
- To investigate the status of adherence to life style modifications among hypertensive patients.
James, P. A., Oparil, S., Carter, B. L., & et al. (2013). 2014 evidence-based guideline for the management of high blood pressure in adults: Report from the panel members appointed to the eighth joint national committee (jnc 8). JAMA. doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.284427.
Victor, R.G. Chapter 67 Arterial Hypertension. In L. Goldman & A. I. Schafer (Eds.), Goldman's Cecil Medicine (24th ed., pp. 373-389). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders (2011).
World Health Organization Regional Office for South-East Asia. Hypertension Fact sheet. Retrieved 12 March, 2015, from http://www.searo.who.int/entity/noncommunicable_diseases/media/non_communicable_diseases_hypertension_fs.pdf.2011
WHO step wise for Non-communicable diseases risk factor survey in Iraq 2015.
WHO step wise for Non-communicable diseases risk factor survey in Iraq 2005.
Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, Cushman WC, Green LA, Izzo JL Jr, Jones DW, Materson BJ, Oparil S, Wright JT. Seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Journal of the American Medical Association 2003; 289:19:2560-2572
Guidelines for the management of hypertension in Nigeria May 1996. Available at www.nigerianheart.org. Accessed on 24th November 2013 by 7.25 pm
Wizner B, Grodzicki T, Gryglewska B, Kocemba J and GrodzickiT. Knowledge about hypertension and blood pressure level [in Polish]. PrzeglLek 2000; 57:402- 405
Alexander M, Gordon NP, Davis CC, Chen RS. Patient knowledge and awareness of hypertension is suboptimal: results from a large health maintenance organization; J ClinHypertens (Greenwich) 2003;5:254-260.
Balazovjech I, Hnilica P (Jr). Compliance with antihypertensive treatment in consultation rooms for hypertensive patients. J Hum Hypertens 1993;7:581-583.
Lochner, J., Rugge, B., &Judkins, D. How effective are lifestyle changes for controlling hypertension? Journal of Family Practice, 2006; 55(1), 73-74.
Appel, L.J. Lifestyle modification: is it achievable and durable? The argument for. Journal of Clinical Hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.), 2004; 6(10), 578-581.
Gao, Y., Chen, G., Tian, H., Lin, L., Lu, J., Weng, J. Yang, W. (2013). Prevalence of hypertension in china: a cross-sectional Fukutomi, M., &Kario, K. (2010). Aging and hypertension. Expert Review Of Cardiovascular Therapy
Svetkey, L. P., Sacks, F. M., Obarzanek, E., Vollmer, W. M., Appel, L. J., Lin, P. H., . . . Laws, R. L. (1999). The DASH Diet, Sodium Intake and Blood Pressure Trial (DASH-sodium): rationale and design. DASH-Sodium Collaborative Research Group. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 99(8 Suppl), S96-S104.
Bouchard, D. R., Langlois, M.-F., Domingue, M.-È., Brown, C., LeBrun, V., &Baillargeon, J.-P. (2012). Age Differences in Expectations and Readiness Regarding Lifestyle Modifications in Individuals at High Risk of Diabetes. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 93(6), 1059-1064.doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2011.12.028.
Lee, J.-E., Han, H.-R., Song, H., Kim, J., Kim, K. B., Ryu, J. P., & Kim, M. T. (2010). Correlates of self-care behaviors for managing hypertension among Korean Americans: A questionnaire survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies.
Chen, J., & Chen, G. (2009). Explorative and comparative analysis of lifestyles between employed and retired population in Beijing City. Sport, 1(2), 130-132. (In Chinese).
Wang, H., Zhang, X., Zhang, J., He, Q., Hu, R., Wang, L., . . . Ye, Z. (2013). Factors associated with prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension among adults in Southern China: a community-based, cross-sectional survey.
Wang, J., Zhang, L., Wang, F., Liu, L., & Wang, H. (2014). Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of
Hypertension in China: Results From a National Survey. Am J Hypertens, 27(11), 1355-1361. doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpu053.
Yoo, H., Kim, C. J., Jang, Y., & You, M.-A. (2011). Self-efficacy associated with self-management behaviours and health status of South Koreans with chronic diseases. International Journal Of Nursing Practice, 17(6), 599-606. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-172X.2011.01970Maniecka-Bryla, I., Szymocha, M., &Bryla, M. (2011). Overweight and obesity as risk factors in hypertension--study of the working population.