Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Infection Control Amongst Medical Staff
AbstractBackground: Water contamination can be one of the main sources of diseases, especially in health centers and hospitals. In this regard, it is highly significant to investigate in the health workers' knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) related to infection control. The present study was aimed at examining the KAP of water pollution and infection control and their correlation among the health workers in hospitals in Sulaimani city, Kurdistan-Iraq. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 400 medical personnel and health workers in 12 hospitals in Sulaimani, Kurdistan-Iraq from June 2022 to April 2023. Required data were collected using a structured questionnaire which was completed through interviewing the participants. The collected data were analyzed using Statistics Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 24.0). Results: The results indicated that the participants aged 30 to over 40 years, with a mean of 37.2. A larger number of them (59.8%) were Females, and 55% of them held a technical diploma. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of water contamination were found to be fair in 42.5%, 46.25%, and 41.25% of the participants, respectively. It was also concluded that their knowledge was significantly correlated with their level of education (p-value=0.000). A significant correlation was seen between their attitude and their age and level of education (p-value=0.000). Their practice had a significant correlation with their age (p-value=0.000) and level of education (p-value=0.013). The results of both Chi-square test and Spearman rank correlation indicated that their knowledge had significant correlations with their attitude and practice (p-value=0.000). Conclusion: Health workers' attitude toward and practice of water contamination and infection control can be enhanced by promoting their relevant knowledge by providing them with training programs.
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