Assessment of Knowledge and Attitude of Health Workers in the Main Primary Health Care Service in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq


  • Shaho Osman Mahmood Sulaimani Surgical Teaching Hospital, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region-Iraq.
  • Fatah Hama Rahim Fatah Collage of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region-Iraq.
  • Ary Hama Saeed Hama Salih Collage of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region-Iraq.


Primary health care, knowledge, health Professionals, attitudes


Background: Primary health care (PHC) issue is trying to promote the best possible health and well-being for all individuals, regardless of their background, by focusing on the community's needs for sustainable and affordable healthcare. Objective: The primary goal of this study is to assess the key elements of primary healthcare services regarding knowledge and attitude of PHC staff in the PHC services centers located in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Methods: It is a mass cross-sectional observational study including PHC services in the Kurdistan region, Iraq. Sampling is done using multistage sampling that includes simple random sampling, stratified random sampling, and systematic random sampling design. The required PHC (primary health care) data were collected in Sulaimani, Halabja, Erbil, and Duhok governorates. The method of data collection involves visiting all primary healthcare centers and obtaining prior permission from the health directorate in each governorate. Face-to-face interviews with medical personnel will be conducted, and a standardized checklist will be used to evaluate health service indicators. Results: Out of a total of 222 primary healthcare centers in the Kurdistan region, we chose to focus on 68 main primary healthcare centers for this study. In the 68 primary health care invited 311 health staff to participate in the survey. Questionnaires related to their socio-demographic and characteristics of PHCs health staff, as well as their knowledge and attitudes about health services, and self-efficacy. Descriptive analyses and regression models were performed. Conclusion: Monitoring a child's growth is a crucial measure for promoting their survival. To improve the effectiveness of current primary healthcare centers, prioritizing laboratory services, and improving the staff's attitudes and practices are essential.


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