The Prevalence, Prediction and Angiographic Characteristics of Coronary Ectasia in Slemani Cardiac Center


  • Jamal Kareem Raheem Slemani Cardiac Center, Slemani, Kurdistan Region-Iraq
  • Dara Mohammed Mohialdeen Cardiology Bord Director in Slemani Cardiac Center/ Iraq
  • Kawa Wsu Hassan Slemani Cardiac Center, Slemani, Kurdistan Region-Iraq


coronary ectasia, acute coronary syndrome, angiographic characteristics, coronary angiography


Background: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is an uncommon condition where a coronary artery becomes
abnormally dilated. The present study was conducted in order to figure out the prevalence, prediction, and
angiographic characteristics of coronary ectasia at the Sulaymaniyah Cardiac Center.
Materials and methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 70 patients with coronary
ectasia in in Sulaymaniyah cardiac center, Kurdistan region, Iraq from January to July 2022. Required data
were gathered through the patients' medical files and coronary angiography reports. The collected data were
analyzed via Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS, version 24.0).
Results: Most of the patients (74.3%) were males. Most of them (80%) aged over 46 years. Acute coronary
syndrome (ACS) and chronic coronary syndrome were found in 60% and 37.1% of the patients, respectively.
Moreover, hypertension was observed in most of the patients (80%). The results revealed diffusion of two
or more vessels (37.1%) and diffusion of only one vessel (31.4%) as the most frequent types of coronary
ectasia. Classification of coronary ectasia was found to be significantly correlated with hypertension (pvalue=0.004) but not with the patients' age, gender, chronic coronary syndrome, smoking, or diabetes
mellitus (p-value>0.05).
Conclusion: The prevalence of coronary ectasia was found to be 3.3% among the studied population. Acute
coronary syndrome was the most common presentation associated with CAE. Right artery was the most
involved artery. Hypertension and smoking were found to be the most common risk factors for coronary


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